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Scottish Palliative Care Guidelines print pdf


Candy, B., Jones, L., Goodman Margaret, L., Drake, R. and Tookman, A. 2011. Laxatives or methylnaltrexone for the management of constipation in palliative care patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Online]. Available:

Clark, K., Byfieldt, N., Dawe, M. and Currow, D. C. 2012. Treating Constipation in Palliative Care: The Impact of Other Factors Aside From Opioids. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, 29(2), pp. 122-125.

Clemens, K. E., Faust, M., Jaspers, B. and Mikus, G. 2013. Pharmacological treatment of constipation in palliative care. Current Opinion in Supportive Palliative Care, 7(2), pp. 183-91.

Connolly, M. and Larkin, P. 2012. Managing constipation: a focus on care and treatment in the palliative setting. British Journal of Community Nursing, 17(2), pp. 60, 62-4, 66-7.

Pitlick, M. and Fritz, D. 2013. Evidence about the pharmacological management of constipation, part 2: implications for palliative care. Home Healthcare Nurse, 31(4), pp. 207-18.

Sykes, N. 2006. Constipation, diarrhoea, and intestinal obstruction. In: M. Fallon and D.Doyle, E. eds. ABC of Palliative Care. 2nd ed. Oxford: BMJ. pp.25-29.

Sykes, N. 2010. Constipation and diarrhoea. In: G. Hanks, NI. Cherny, NA. Christakis, M. Fallon, S. Kaasa and RK. Portenoy, eds. Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp 833-849.


Sykes, N. 2013. Emerging Evidence on Docusate: Commentary on Tarumi et al. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 45(1), pp. 1.


Twycross, R. and Wilcock, A., (Eds) 2011. Palliative Care Formulary (PCF4). 4th ed. Nottingham: Ltd