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References

Allard, P., Lamontagne, C., Bernard, P. and Tremblay, C. 1999. How effective are supplementary doses of opioids for dyspnea in terminally ill cancer patients? A randomized continuous sequential clinical trial. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 17(4), pp. 256-265.

Bausewein, C., Booth, S., Gysels, M. and Higginson I. J. 2008. Non-pharmacological interventions for breathlessness in advanced stages of malignant and non-malignant diseases. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Online]. Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD005623.pub2/abstract.

Booth, S., Bausewein, C., Higginson, I. and Moosavi, S. H. 2009. Pharmacological treatment of refractory breathlessness. Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, 3(1), pp. 21-36.

Chan, K.-S., Tse, D. M. V., Sham, M. M. K. and Thorsen, A. B. 2010. Palliative medicine in malignant respiratory diseases. In: G. Hanks, Ni. Cherny, Na. Christakis, M. Fallon, S. Kaasa and Rk. Portenoy, eds. Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cranston Josephine, M., Crockett, A. and Currow, D. 2008. Oxygen therapy for dyspnoea in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Online]. Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004769.pub2/abstract.

Dorman, S., Jolley, C., Abernethy, A., Currow, D., Johnson, M., Farquhar, M., Griffiths, G., Peel, T., Moosavi, S., Byrne, A., Wilcock, A., Alloway, L., Bausewein, C., Higginson, I. and Booth, S. 2009. Researching breathlessness in palliative care: Consensus statement of the National Cancer Research Institute Palliative Care Breathlessness Subgroup. Palliative Medicine, 23(3), pp. 213-227.

Johnson, M. J., Abernethy, A. P. and Currow, D. C. 2012. Gaps in the evidence base of opioids for refractory breathlessness. A future work plan? Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 43(3), pp. 614-624.

Mahler, D. A., Selecky, P. A., Harrod, C. G., Benditt, J. O., Carrieri-Kohlman, V., Curtis, J. R., Manning, H. L., Mularski, R. A., Varkey, B., Campbell, M., Carter, E. R., Chiong, J. R., Ely, E. W., Hansen-Flaschen, J., O'donnell, D. E. and Waller, A. 2010. American College of Chest Physicians consensus statement on the management of dyspnea in patients with advanced lung or heart disease. Chest, 137(3), pp. 674-91.

Rocker, G., Horton, R., Currow, D., Goodridge, D., Young, J. and Booth, S. 2009. Palliation of dyspnoea in advanced COPD: Revisiting a role for opioids. Thorax, 64(10), pp. 910-915.

Simon, S. T., Bausewein, C., Schildmann, E., Higginson, I. J., Magnussen, H., Scheve, C. and Ramsenthaler, C. 2013. Episodic breathlessness in patients with advanced disease: A systematic review. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 45(3), pp. 561-578.

Simon S.T., Higginson I. J., Booth, S., Harding, R. and Bausewein, C. 2010. Benzodiazepines for the relief of breathlessness in advanced malignant and non-malignant diseases in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Online]. Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD007354.pub2/abstract.

Spathis A., Davies H.E. and Booth S. 2011. Respiratory Disease: From advanced disease to bereavement. 5th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Twycross, R. and Wilcock, A. 2011. Palliative Care Formulary (PCF4). 4th ed. Nottingham: Palliativedrugs.com Ltd.

Twycross, R., Wilcock, A. and Stark Toller, C. 2009. Symptom Management in Advanced Cancer. 4th ed. Nottingham: Palliativedrugs.com Ltd.