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References

Bennett, M. I. 2011. Effectiveness of antiepileptic or antidepressant drugs when added to opioids for cancer pain: Systematic review. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 553-559.

Caraceni, A., Hanks, G., Kaasa, S., Bennett, M. I., Brunelli, C., Cherny, N., Dale, O., De Conno, F., Fallon, M., Hanna, M., Haugen, D. F., Juhl, G., King, S., Klepstad, P., Laugsand, E. A., Maltoni, M., Mercadante, S., Nabal, M., Pigni, A., Radbruch, L., Reid, C., Sjogren, P., Stone, P. C., Tassinari, D. and Zeppetella, G. 2012. Use of opioid analgesics in the treatment of cancer pain: Evidence-based recommendations from the EAPC. The Lancet Oncology, 13(2), pp. e58-e68.

Caraceni, A., Pigni, A. and Brunelli, C. 2011. Is oral morphine still the first choice opioid for moderate to severe cancer pain? A systematic review within the European Palliative Care Research Collaborative guidelines project. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 402-409.

Cherny, N. 2011. Is oral methadone better than placebo or other oral/transdermal opioids in the management of pain? Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 488-493.

Dale, O., Moksnes, K. and Kaasa, S. 2011. European Palliative Care Research Collaborative pain guidelines: Opioid switching to improve analgesia or reduce side effects. A systematic review. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 494-503.

Davies, A. N., Dickman, A., Reid, C., Stevens, A. M. and Zeppetella, G. 2009. The management of cancer-related breakthrough pain: Recommendations of a task group of the Science Committee of the Association for Palliative Medicine of Great Britain and Ireland. European Journal of Pain, 13(4), pp. 331-338.

Fallon, M. T. and Laird, B. J. 2011. A systematic review of combination step III opioid therapy in cancer pain: An EPCRC opioid guideline project. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 597-603.

Forbes, K. 2011. Pain in Patients with Cancer: The World Health Organization Analgesic Ladder and Beyond. Clinical Oncology, 23(6), pp. 379-380.

Haugen, D. F., Hjermstad, M. J., Hagen, N., Caraceni, A. and Kaasa, S. 2010. Assessment and classification of cancer breakthrough pain: A systematic literature review. Pain, 149(3), pp. 476-482.

King, S. J., Reid, C., Forbes, K. and Hanks, G. 2011. A systematic review of oxycodone in the management of cancer pain. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 454-470.

Klepstad, P., Kaasa, S. and Borchgrevink, P. C. 2011. Starting step III opioids for moderate to severe pain in cancer patients: Dose titration: A systematic review. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 424-430.

Laugsand, E. A., Kaasa, S. and Klepstad, P. 2011. Management of opioid-induced nausea and vomiting in cancer patients: Systematic review and evidence-based recommendations. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 442-453.

Maltoni, M., Scarpi, E., Modonesi, C., Passardi, A., Calpona, S., Turriziani, A., Speranza, R., Tassinari, D., Magnani, P., Saccani, D., Montanari, L., Roudnas, B. and Amadori, D. 2005. A validation study of the WHO analgesic ladder: A two-step vs three-step strategy. Supportive Care in Cancer, 13(11), pp. 888-894.

Mercadante, S. and Caraceni, A. 2011. Conversion ratios for opioid switching in the treatment of cancer pain: A systematic review. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 504-515.

Pigni, A., Brunelli, C. and Caraceni, A. 2011. The role of hydromorphone in cancer pain treatment: A systematic review. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 471-477.

Radbruch, L., Trottenberg, P., Elsner, F., Kaasa, S. and Caraceni, A. 2011. Systematic review of the role of alternative application routes for opioid treatment for moderate to severe cancer pain: An EPCRC opioid guidelines project. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 578-596.

Tassinari, D., Drudi, F., Rosati, M. and Maltoni, M. 2011a. Transdermal opioids as front line treatment of moderate to severe cancer pain: A systemic review. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 478-487.

Tassinari, D., Drudi, F., Rosati, M., Tombesi, P., Sartori, S. and Maltoni, M. 2011b. The second step of the analgesic ladder and oral tramadol in the treatment of mild to moderate cancer pain: A systematic review. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 410-423.

Tessaro, L., Bandieri, E., Costa, G., Fornasier, G., Iorno, V., Pizza, C., Pastacaldi, G. and Micheletto, G. 2010. Use of oxycodone controlled-release immediately after NSAIDs: A new approach to obtain good pain control. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 14(2), pp. 113-121.

Zeppetella, G. 2011. Opioids for the management of breakthrough cancer pain in adults: A systematic review undertaken as part of an EPCRC opioid guidelines project. Palliative Medicine, 25(5), pp. 516-524.